Brazil has made impressive progress in reducing poverty. Rural poverty has been cut almost in half, from 51 percent in 2002 to 29 percent in 2011, and family farmers’ incomes grew by 50 percent. These results were achieved partially through Fomento, a set of government-run social programs targeting smallholder farmers. When a program shows such >> Read more
Public investments can be instrumental in promoting agricultural growth and ensuring food security; nonetheless, public investment in agriculture and rural areas remained stagnant for many years. To spur increased and strategic public spending in agriculture, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) combined their >> Read more
Malawi suffers from poverty with half of its population earning less than $1.25 a day, and high undernutrition rates resulting in stunting of 47 percent of children under the age of five. Although the country has experienced strong per capita GDP growth since 2005, these challenges remain. Agriculture is the main source of income for >> Read more
Malawi ranks among the world’s most densely populated and least-developed countries. Because agriculture is the main source of income for most of the population, the development of targeted policies that spur growth in the sector, particularly in smallholder-based agriculture, is critical to meeting the country’s food security and poverty reduction goals.
Motivation Nutrition and access to nutritious foods are vital in the fight against HIV and AIDS. Undernutrition heightens vulnerability to disease transmission, and pairing antiretroviral drug therapies with adequate nutrition increases their effectiveness. Income inequality and food insecurity have also been found to increase the likelihood of exposure to HIV, driving up rates of infection >> Read more