Environmental policies have wide-ranging and far reaching effects. For example, by providing participating farmers an annual subsidy for retiring their farmland and planting saplings, the Sandstorm Source Control Program (implemented in Beijing and Tianjin from 1998 to 2003) contributed to higher household incomes.
Maize, millet, rice, and sorghum are the major cereal crops in West Africa, yet yields from these crops are very low compared to the world average and even other regions within Africa. A changing climate will challenge production systems already under pressure to increase output to feed a growing population.
Motivation The first decade of the twenty-first century has seen two food price crises that adversely affected poor people across the globe. During the next 40 years, as the world population approaches 9 billion and incomes in many developing countries continue to rise, agricultural production will struggle to meet increasing food demand. Climate change will >> Read more
Motivation Nutrition and access to nutritious foods are vital in the fight against HIV and AIDS. Undernutrition heightens vulnerability to disease transmission, and pairing antiretroviral drug therapies with adequate nutrition increases their effectiveness. Income inequality and food insecurity have also been found to increase the likelihood of exposure to HIV, driving up rates of infection >> Read more
In spite of its promising agricultural potential, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has the highest rate of malnutrition in the world.
Motivation In addition to inflicting incalculable human suffering, Sierra Leone’s civil war deeply affected the country’s economy, the agricultural sector in particular. Just before the war in 1991, Sierra Leone had a poverty rate of approximately 30 percent; by 2000, that figure had skyrocketed to roughly 72 percent, giving the country one of the highest >> Read more