Priorities for Public Investment in Chinese Agriculture

Where should a country invest its money? How policymakers answer this complex question can have an impact on the welfare of their constituents—especially those living in poverty—for generations.

HarvestChoice: Targeting and Evaluating Sustainable Intensification Investments

MOTIVATION Where do poor people live? How do they live? On what farming systems do the poor depend most? And what is constraining the productivity of those systems? To answer these questions and many others, HarvestChoice generates maps, datasets, economic models, and other knowledge products. By providing data specific not only to a continent or country >> Read more

Pro-Poor Avian Influenza Risk Reduction Program

MOTIVATION Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) poses a major risk to human and animal health. After the disease spread in Asia (starting in 2003) and beyond, policymakers realized they lacked the information needed to choose biologically effective and economically efficient control measures that also protect the livelihoods of rural poor. The most widely practiced method >> Read more

Exploring Alternative Futures for Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology

MOTIVATION Agricultural innovations can transform societies. Extending agricultural productivity improvements to poor farmers could narrow the gap between the developed and developing worlds. Experts agree that agricultural knowledge, science, and technology have played a crucial role in reducing hunger and poverty in the past. The future, however, is uncertain because the impacts of alternative technologies >> Read more

Marketing of Multiple Micronutrient Powders in Bangladesh

MOTIVATION Micronutrient malnutrition—or, “hidden hunger”—is a chronic lack of vitamins and minerals that can lead to severe physical and mental health problems, especially when it afflicts children who are still growing. Dietary supplements called multiple micronutrient powders can add valuable nutrients to food and potentially prevent iron-deficiency anemia in infants and young children. But, even >> Read more

Pro-Poor Avian Influenza Risk Reduction Program

IFPRI, in collaboration with the International Livestock Research Institute, worked in Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Kenya, and Ghana from 2007–11 to develop evidence-based responses to HPAI that consider the impact on, and effectiveness in, smallholder systems.

Food for Education in Bangladesh

MOTIVATION In 1991 IFPRI conducted a comprehensive study of a targeted food subsidy program in Bangladesh known as palli (rural) rationing. The Institute found that subsidies equivalent to US$60 million were being provided each year to run the program but about 70 percent of the subsidized food (mostly rice) was not actually making its way >> Read more

Establishing a Framework for Food Security in Bangladesh

MOTIVATION In 2001, IFPRI helped prepare a comprehensive report on national food security. This framework examined the “food gap”—that is, the difference between the country’s total food grain requirement (based on normative consumption rates for the entire population) and the total domestic production of food grains—food aid requirements, and the overall availability and accessibility of >> Read more

Realigning Agriculture to Improve Nutrition (RAIN)

MOTIVATION Stunting, a result of chronic undernutrition, is highly prevalent in Zambia, affecting one million children younger than five years old (45 percent of all children). In Mumbwa District, Central Province, where the Realigning Agriculture to Improve Nutrition project is underway, the prevalence rises to 59 percent. Chronic undernutrition is caused by a combination of >> Read more

2020 Vision Conference: Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health

MOTIVATION Agriculture, nutrition, and health are inseparably linked—agriculture provides food to nourish people so they can lead healthy lives, and productive agriculture requires the labor of healthy, well-nourished people. But can agriculture do more to improve human health and nutrition? In February 2011, IFPRI’s 2020 Vision Initiative brought together the agriculture, nutrition, and health sectors >> Read more