Strategic Investment Planning to Improve Growth and Reduce Poverty in Africa

MOTIVATION

At the African Union (AU) Summit in Maputo, Mozambique, in 2003, countries committed to allocating 10 percent of their national budgets to agriculture while aspiring to achieve 6 percent yearly growth in agricultural GDP. To help realize these goals, participating African governments made their first declaration on the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP)—Africa’s policy framework for agricultural transformation, wealth creation, food security and nutrition, and economic growth and prosperity—as an integral part of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). In 2004, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) was one of the first organizations to partner with IFPRI in supporting the NEPAD Secretariat and the implementation of CAADP.

RESULTS

BMZ’s partnership allowed IFPRI, between 2004 and 2007, to prepare a roadmap to guide the CAADP implementation process, establish the program’s credibility among development partners, and facilitate the adoption of the CAADP agenda by more than 20 African countries and by regional economic communities. From 2008 to 2011, IFPRI assisted the NEPAD Secretariat and regional economic communities in implementing and advocating for the CAADP agenda at the regional, sub-regional, and national levels. IFPRI also helped build the capacity of national teams and experts to lead the analytical work.

OUTCOMES

  • This support contributed to notable progress in the implementation of the CAADP process, which included 43 roundtable discussions and country compact agreements signed by African governments. These outlined specific commitments to agricultural policy, budgetary expenditures, development assistance, and policy dialogue for the purpose of ensuring the achievement of the growth and budget targets. Thirty-nine countries also completed their national agricultural investment plans. One of IFPRI’s main contributions to each country’s work was the construction of baseline data and analytical tools to inform decision-making processes.
  • IFPRI’s quality technical and research assistance has helped make CAADP a reliable framework for development assistance for multilateral and bilateral development agencies. It has also been adopted as a model for strategic development and implementation outside Africa. Non-African countries, for example, must follow a CAADP-like process to qualify for the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP).

For more information on IFPRI's partnerships with Germany, please go to this brochure.